Performance Testing

Performance Tests


January 2021 special: Full physiological assessment (includes aerobic fitness, blood pressure, body composition, strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility)
$20 for students and 
$30 for faculty and members of the community
All other tests are 25-50% off!! Please email Dr. Terence Moriarty, terence.moriarty@uni.edu, for further info.
 

Maximal Exercise Test with Metabolic Gas Analysis (VOmax)

A maximal exercise test with oxygen consumption assessment to determine cardiorespiratory fitness

What are the pre-test instructions?
  • Eat a light meal ~4 hrs before testing
  • Do not consume caffeinated beverages or use tobacco products before testing
  • Drink plenty of water
  • If possible, please avoid cold/allergy remedies 12 hours before the test
  • Take prescribed medications as usual
Frequently asked questions:
  1. What modality? 
    • Please request either a bike or a treadmill. 
  2. ​What should I wear? 
    • Please wear a short-sleeve shirt, shorts or sweat pants, and athletic shoes.
  3. ​What will the test tell me? 
    • Maximal heart rate to monitor exercise intensity during workouts
  4. Baseline aerobic fitness level (VO2max, the best determinant of aerobic fitness)
    • Intensity thresholds to help you improve your fitness level

Body Composition:

Hydrodensitometry with Residual Volume:

Commonly referred to as the "gold standard" for body composition assessment (accuracy +/-1 - 1.5% error). Hydrostatic weighing involves sitting in a chair suspended from a scale in a tank of warm water. You will be asked to exhale all of the air from your lungs while you are completely immersed underwater, during which your weight is measured.

​Residual Volume

To increase the accuracy of hydrostatic weighing, a residual volume (RV) test is also conducted; this test provides an accurate measurement of the amount of air trapped in the respiratory system once you have exhaled as much air as possible.

What are the pre-test instructions? 
  1. Do not eat or drink anything (water is okay) 2-4 hrs before testing
  2. Avoid gas-producing foods for 24 hrs before the test
  3. Do not participate in any hard exercise before testing
  4. It is not advised to schedule your test during pre-menstrual days due to fluctuations in water retention
​Frequently asked questions:
  1. What should I wear? 
    • You can arrive at the lab in your everyday clothes. Please bring a swimsuit and a towel. 
  2. What will this test tell me? 
    • Results from this test include percent body fat and percent fat-free mass. 

 

BodPod:

The BodPod is a method of assessing body composition using air displacement (accuracy +/- 3-4% error). It is a quick, automated, noninvasive measurement process that involves sitting in a small, enclosed machine with a window for up to 5 minutes. This test accommodates most populations, including children, obese, elderly, and disabled persons. 

​Note: This method is not accurate for those with facial and/or dense body hair. 

What are the pre-test instructions? 
  1. Do not eat or drink anything (water is okay) 2-4 hrs before testing
  2. Avoid gas-producing foods for 24 hrs before the test
  3. Do not participate in any hard exercise before testing
  4. It is not advised to schedule your test during pre-menstrual days due to fluctuations in water retention
Frequently asked questions:
  1. What should I wear? 
    • You can arrive at the lab in your everyday clothes. Please bring a swimsuit or tight-fitting garments such as bike shorts & a sports bra (loose clothing will trap air and lead to unreliable results) 
  2. ​What will the test tell me? 
    • Results from this test include percent body fat and percent fat-free mass. 

Skinfolds

A 3-site skinfold measurement using calipers is used to predict relative body fat and lean mass. Skinfold measurement sites differ between sexes: triceps, suprailiac, and thigh for women; chest, abdomen, and thigh for men.

This body composition technique is not as accurate as hydrostatic weighing but estimates body fat with reasonable accuracy (+/- 3.5% error). It is a good technique to monitor changes over time. 

What are the pre-test instructions?
  1. Do not eat or drink anything (water is okay) 2-4 hrs before testing
  2. Avoid gas-producing foods for 24 hrs before the test
  3. Do not participate in any hard exercise before testing
  4. Avoid using body lotion before the test.
  5. Women should wear clothing that allows us to access the upper arm, hip, and mid-thigh. Men should wear clothing that allows us to access the chest, abdomen, and mid-thigh. 

Bioelectrical Impedance

This is the quickest and least invasive method of body composition assessment. This technique uses very low electrical currents. 

Note: Not safe for those with pacemakers

What are the pre-test instructions? 
  1. Do not eat or drink anything (water is okay) 2-4 hrs before testing
  2. Avoid gas-producing foods for 24 hrs before the test
  3. Do not participate in any hard exercise before testing
  4. Avoid consuming things that may have a diuretic effect (alcohol, caffeine, quick weight loss diets, fasting, or diuretic medication). 
  5. Avoid measurement immediately after a sauna or hot shower. 
  6. Results will not be stable during pregnancy.

Strength and Power Tests

Muscular Strength (1-repetition maximum)

We can test muscular strength using 1 repetition maximum tests.

Frequently asked questions:
  1. What should I wear?
    • Please come in clothes and shoes in which you can exercise comfortably. 
  2. What will this test tell me?
    • We will provide you with your 1-RM or an estimated 1-RM. Further, results will be compared to age/gender norms.

Wingate Power Test

A 30-second all-out effort test on a cycle ergometer (stationary bicycle). This test measures anaerobic power.

Frequently asked questions:
  1. What should I wear? 
    • Please wear clothes and shoes in which you can exercise. 
  2. ​What will the test tell me? 
    • Results include peak power, mean power over 30 seconds, and rate of fatigue. 
If you are interested in any of these tests please contact Dr. Terence Moriarty, terence.moriarty@uni.edu.