Public health and education
Health, Recreation and Community Services
Health, Recreation and Community Services » Faculty and Staff » Kathleen G. Scholl, Ph.D.

Kathleen G. Scholl, Ph.D.

Department Head, Health, Recreation and Community Services; Professor, Recreation, Tourism and Nonprofit Leadership and Intensive Study Area Program Coordinator
(319) 273-6316

University of Northern Iowa
WRC 203
Cedar Falls, IA 50614-0241

Kathy Scholl is a professor in the recreation, tourism and nonprofit leadership program within Health, Recreation and Community Services within the College of Education.  Her current research focuses on how built and natural environments affect a broad spectrum of human well-being.  This research encompasses human dimensions of socio-biological resiliency and sustainability. Her investigations explore the psychological, sociological and therapeutic benefits of nature and green space design, its effect on learning ecosystems and student attentional capacity, and landowner awareness and environmental identity.  As society becomes increasingly aware of the relationship of well-being and the natural environment, our sense of place will more acutely inform our strategies for human sustainability and resiliency.

Dr. Scholl is also a certified therapeutic recreation specialist and advocates for the inclusion opportunities for individuals with and families impacted by disabilities.  She serves on the community agency board, The Inclusion Connection, a disability advocacy organization.  

Ph.D., CTRS - Recreation, Park, & Leisure Studies, University of Minnesota.  Emphasis: Outdoor Recreation and Therapeutic Recreation.  Dissertation: The influence of an inclusive outdoor recreation experience on families that have a child with a disability.

M.A.- Recreation Administration, California State University, Chico. Chico, CA.  Emphasis: Wilderness Education. Thesis: Empathy in outdoor leadership and leadership effectiveness.

B.A.- Physical Education, California State University, Chico. Chico, CA.  Emphasis: Sports Medicine & Athletic Training

Curriculum Vitae





Courses Taught: 

Undergraduate Program

     Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation I

     Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation II

     Introduction to Leisure, Youth and Human Services

     Leadership in Leisure Services

     Philosophical Foundations of Leisure

     Principles of Outdoor Recreation

     Theory and Practice of Outdoor Education

     Trends and Issues in Outdoor Recreation

     Managing Recreation Impacts on the Natural Environment       

     Experiences in Outdoor Programming: Project WET/AWARE

     Research and Evaluation in Leisure, Youth and Human Services

     Internship Supervision and Senior Project

Masters of Arts & Doctor of Education Program

     Evidence-Based Practices, Assessment, Accountability, & Program Evaluation             

     Research Methods in Health, Physical Education and Leisure Services                

     Social Psychology of Leisure                                                                                  

     Graduate Research Teams                                                                                     

Selected Publications: 

Scholl, K., & Betrabet-Gulwadi, G. (accepted). Ecotherapy and Well-being: What are the connections? Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals: Good Health and Wellbeing. Springer.

Scholl, K. & Betrabet-Gulwadi, G. (2018). College Campus Landscapes within a Learning Ecosystem. Planning for Higher Education Journal, 46 (2), 1-15.

Betrabet-Gulwadi, G., & Scholl, K. (2017). Campus Infrastructure and Sustainable Resource Management Practices: Mapping Campus DNA for Human Resiliency. World Sustainability Series. Springer, pp 103-118.

Scholl, K., & Humphery, B. (July 2017). 2017 Dry Run Creek Landowner Watershed Awareness Survey Report. Submitted to Black Hawk Soil and Water Conservation District.

Scholl, K., & Gulwadi, G. (2015). Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces. Journal of Learning Spaces, 4(1). Retrieved from

Davison, A., & Scholl, K. (2017). Inclusive Recreation as Part of the IEP Process. In C. Curran and A. Peterson (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Classroom Diversity and Inclusive Education Practice (pp. 311-330). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Scholl, K., & Dunlap, T. (2010). Staff Training for Inclusion. In Human Kinetics (Ed.), Inclusive Recreation. (pp. 119-134). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Dieser, R., & Scholl, K. (2010). History, Legislation, and Standards. In Human Kinetics (Ed.), Inclusive Recreation. (pp.19-38).  Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Scholl, K., Glanz, A., & Davison, A. (2007). Importance-performance analysis to evaluate the quality of therapeutic recreation services. Expanding Horizons in Therapeutic Recreation, 23, 8-16.

Scholl, K., Dieser, R., & Davison, A. (2005). Together We Play: An Ecological Approach to Inclusive Recreation. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 39(4), 299-311.

Scholl, K., Smith, J. & Davison, A. (2005). Agency readiness to provide recreation and after-school services for children with disabilities.  Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 39(1), 47-62.

Scholl, K., & Davison, A. (2004). Review of the book Inclusion: Including people with disabilities in parks and recreation opportunities by L. Anderson, L., & C. B Kress. American Academy for Park and Recreation Administration, 22(4), 132-135. 

Scholl, K., McAvoy, L., Rynders, J., & Smith, J. (2003). The Influence of an Inclusive Outdoor Recreation Experience on Families that have a Child with a Disability. Journal of Therapeutic Recreation, 37(1), 38-57.